Over the past two decades, online piracy has proven a massive challenge for the entertainment industries.
Some copyright holders have tried to go after individual pirates in court but, increasingly, third-party intermediaries are targeted as well.
There are several lawsuits pending in US courts where rightsholders accuse Internet providers of not doing enough to stop piracy. One of the main allegations is that ISPs fail to terminate accounts of repeat infringers in ‘appropriate circumstances’, as is required under the DMCA.
These lawsuits were pioneered by music companies that had some success on this front, including a $1 billion verdict against Cox. More recently a group of filmmakers adopted a similar strategy by suing several Internet providers, including WOW!.